Dieter Rams: Good design makes a product useful
2. Good design makes a product useful
A product is bought to be used. It has to satisfy certain criteria, not only functional, but also psychological and aesthetic. Good design emphasizes the usefulness of a product while disregarding anything that could possibly detract from it.
Dieter Rams and Thomas Merkel, sdr+ Low Table Program 010, (2001)
See more work by Rams’ collaborator, Thomas Merkel at Stylepark.
Arts and Crafts Shopmarks Directory
The Arts and Crafts Collector is a Web site run by Bruce Johnson, author, columnist, and Director of the National Arts and Crafts Conference at the Grove Park Inn in Asheville, NC. If you are a die-hard Arts and Crafts Movement aficionado or only possess a casual interest in the artifacts of the Movement, you owe it to yourself to visit his site.
Among the many resources available to collectors and researchers is the incredible shopmarks directory. The online resource includes images of shopmarks and information on nearly 500 furniture manufacturers, metal shops and potteries. Mr. Johnson is in the process of collecting, organizing and identifying numerous Arts & Crafts shopmarks. Johnson’s goal is a complete record of every Arts & Crafts company. If you have information on lesser-known Arts & Crafts firms he could use your help. Visit The Arts and Crafts Collector for details.
Dedham Pottery backstamp (1896-1943). Dedham, MA.
On Becoming an Artist: Isamu Noguchi
“Everything is sculpture. Any material, any idea without hindrance born into space, I consider sculpture.” — Isamu Noguchi
Isamu Noguchi (1904-1988) was one of the Twentieth Century’s most important and influential sculptors. He “believed that through sculpture and architecture, one could better understand the struggle with nature”(1). Noguchi’s father was a Japanese poet and his mother, an American writer. Although the artist was born in Los Angeles (2), he spent much of his childhood in Japan. He returned to the United States as a teenager in order to attend boarding school (3,4). Noguchi would remain an “internationalist, [and travel] extensively throughout his life”(3).
Isamu Noguchi, Long Island City Studio with Akari sculptures, 1960s.
Source: © Isamu Noguchi Foundation Inc, New York courtesy designmuseum, London http://www.designboom.com/portrait/noguchi/bio2.jpg
As a young man, Noguchi began studying medicine at Columbia University. During this period he was also enrolled in sculpture classes and soon “realized that art, not medicine, was his true calling”(1). “When he was only twenty Noguchi had his first exhibition in New York City”(5). In 1927, “he received a Guggenheim Fellowship…that allowed him at age twenty-three to apprentice under Constantin Brancusi”(5). Brancusi’s influence is evident in Noguchi’s work throughout his prolific career.
Two years later, Noguchi was to meet another individual who would have a profound effect upon his life, “the visionary architect, futurist, and poet”(5), Buckminster Fuller. Fuller’s “utopian outlook greatly influenced Noguchi”(5) and the two became life-long friends. Fuller’s ideas, no doubt, had an impact on Noguchi’s “increased social awareness”(5) that led the sculptor to establish “Nisei Writers and Artists Mobilization for Democracy, a group dedicated to raising awareness of the patriotism of Japanese-Americans”(3) in 1942. That same year, Noguchi endured “a voluntary stay in a Japanese interment camp for several months”(5). After the War, the artist returned to Japan to explore “the wrenching issues raised during the previous years. His ideas and feelings are reflected in his work of the time”(3).
Stage set elements from Herodiade (1944) choreographed by Martha Graham in Robert Wilson’s installation of Isamu Noguchi: Sculptural Design at the Design Museum, 2001
Dancer and choreographer Martha Graham is another figure who greatly influenced Noguchi’s career. “As early as 1935”(3) he designed sets for her company and collaborated with other “dancers/choreographers Merce Cunningham, Erick Hawkins, and George Balanchine [as well as] composer John Cage”(3). According to scholar Nancy Grove, with work such as this “Noguchi challenged Modernist prohibitions against commerce and genre-crossing”(2).
Isamu Noguchi. Akari Lamps, 1951.
Noguchi would blur the line between pure art and functional design with his iconic creation Radio Nurse for Zenith Radio Corporation in 1937 (2). In the 1940s George Nelson, design director for Herman Miller, wrote an article called “How to Make a Table” using one of Noguchi’s designs as an illustration for the piece. This design eventually “became his famous ‘coffee table,’ originally introduced in 1947 and reissued in 1984”(6). Noguchi’s 1951 Akari Lamps of “paper, bamboo, and metal”(2) borrowed their structure from traditional Japanese shoji lamps, yet these lamps’ “asymmetrical shapes”(4) were inspired by Brancusi’s work (4).
In the 1960s Noguchi and architect Louis Kahn collaborated on a design for a playground (3). “The Adele Levy Memorial Playground, intended to occupy eight acres of New York City’s Riverside Park”(7) was one of a series of “playscapes” the sculptor designed in which “the standard swing, slide, and climbing structure”(7) was replaced by “an array of geometric shapes”(7) that children could climb and play upon. Sadly, the project was eventually rejected by city officials and never realized.
Isamu Noguchi. Playscapes (1975-76). Piedmont Park, Atlanta. Photo by Isamu Noguchi
“Noguchi died in 1988;…half his ashes are buried in the Noguchi Museum garden, the rest at his compound in Japan. In life as in death, Noguchi honored both his Japanese and American heritage”(4). For more insight on Isamu Noguchi’s his life and work and the remarkable people who shaped the artist’s career, visit “On Becoming an Artist: Isamu Noguchi and His Contemporaries, 1922–1960.” The exhibition runs now through April 24, 2011 at the Noguchi Museum in Long Island City, New York.
- PBS. (2001). About Isamu Noguchi. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/episodes/isamu-noguchi/about-isamu-noguchi/675/
- Grove, N. (2005). Identifying Noguchi. Sculpture. 24 no. 9 26-31.
- Noguchi Museum. (n.d.). Biography. http://www.noguchi.org/noguchi/biography
- Goldstein, D. (2006). Crossing Cultures. Art & Antiques 29 no. 2 42, 44.
- Carpenter, K. (2008). Organic Utilitarianism: The Sculptures of Isamu Noguchi. Sculpture Review v. 57 no. 1 30-33.
- Herman Miller, Inc. (2010). Isamu Noguchi. http://www.hermanmiller.com/Designers/Noguchi
- Exhibition Examines Noguchi’s Ties to Key Figures in Art, Theater, Design, and Architecture. (2010, November 18). ArtDaily.org http://www.artdaily.com/index.asp?int_sec=2&int_new=42629
Sleep On It
Canopy bed sculpture by Francois Lalanne.
Interview With Massimo Vignelli
Designer Massimo Vignelli discusses his career in this interview from April 2010.
Examples of the Vignellis’ work.
Massimo and Leila Vignelli recently donated their archives to the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) in New York State. The university currently houses the collection of design pioneers Lester Beall, Will Burtin and several others. Read more details at nytimes.com.
Rohlfs Exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum
Courtesy of Curated Magazine’s blog:
Charles Rohlfs (1853-1936) drew inspiration from both the Art Nouveau and the Arts & Crafts movements. An exhibition of his work is on now at the Metropolitan Museum in New York City through January 23, 2011. Visit Curated’s blog for more stunning examples of Rohlfs’ work and information on the exhibition.
Charles Rohlfs, Chairs (date unknown). Photo credit:Jacob Breinholt
Counter Space: Design and the Modern Kitchen
"Counter Space: Design and the Modern Kitchen" is currently on exhibit now through March 14, 2011 at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. The New York Times interviews the show’s curator, Juliet Kinchin.
For further reading:
Left: Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky. Frankfurt Kitchen from the Höhenblick Housing Estate, Frankfurt, Germany (reconstruction). 1926–27.
Gustav Stickley and the American Arts and Crafts Movement
Organized by the Dallas Museum of Art and on exhibition now at the Newark Museum in Newark, New Jersey through January 2, 2011, “Gustav Stickley and the American Arts and Crafts Movement” is the first nationally touring exhibition to focus on the work of this leading figure of the American Arts and Crafts Movement.
Gustav Stickley, Sideboard (1902).
"Gustav Stickley built houses as if they were furniture and designed furniture as if it were architecture." MORE